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鹪鹩

Taken last month in the yard of my office in Woyun Village, Mianzhu.
卧云村偶得
Winter Wren
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Winter Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes), also known as the Northern Wren, is a very small bird, a member of the mainly New World wren family Troglodytidae. It is the only one of nearly sixty species in the family that occurs in the Old World; in Anglophone Europe it is commonly known simply as the Wren, and is the originator of the name. It is noteworthy among songbirds both because of its long and complex songs and because it is one of the few passerine species that has a distribution spanning both North America and Eurasia. It is also highly polygynous, an unusual mating system for passerines
It occurs in Europe, a belt of Asia from northern Iran and Afghanistan across to Japan, and North America. It is only migratory in the northern parts of its range.[2]
The scientific name is taken from the Greek word “troglodytes” (from “trogle” a hole, and “dyein” to creep), meaning “cave-dweller”, and refers to its habit of disappearing into cavities or crevices whilst hunting arthropods or to roost. Taxonomy of the genus Troglodytes is currently unresolved, as recent molecular studies have suggested that Cistothorus spp. and Thryorchilus spp. are within the clade currently defined by Troglodytes [3][4]. A study of individuals in an overlap zone between two divergent subspecies of winter wren in North America (Troglodytes troglodytes hiemalis in Eastern North America and Troglodytes troglodytes pacificus in Western North America), which differ substantially in song and genetics, found strong evidence for reproductive isolation and suggested that the pacificus subspecies be promoted to the species level designation of Troglodytes pacificus [5].
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winter_Wren

雀形目 > 鹪鹩科 > 鹪鹩属
PASSERIFORMES > Troglodytidae > Troglodytes troglodytes
描述:体型小巧(10厘米)的褐色而具横纹及点斑的似鹪鹛之鸟。尾上翘,嘴细。深黄褐的体羽具狭窄黑色横斑及模糊的皮黄色眉纹为其特征。亚种的基色调有异。中国西北部的亚种tianshanicus色最淡,喜马拉雅山脉亚种nipalensis色最深。
虹膜-褐色;嘴-褐色;脚-褐色。
叫声:哑嗓的似责骂声chur;生硬的tic-tic-tic及强劲悦耳的鸣声包括清晰高音及颤音。
分布范围:全北界的南部至非洲西北部、印度北部、缅甸东北部、喜马拉雅山脉、中国及日本。
分布状况:繁殖于中国东北、西北、华北、华中、西南、台湾以及青藏高原东麓的针叶林及泥沼地。7个亚种在中国有见–tianshanicus于西北;nipalensis于西藏中部;szetschuanus于西藏东南部及东部、四川、青海西部、甘肃南部、陕西南部和湖北西部;talifuensis于云南;idius于青海东部、甘肃北部、内蒙古西部、河北、湖南及陕西;dauricus于东北;taivanus于台湾。北方鸟冬季南迁至华东及华南的沿海省份。
习性:尾不停地轻弹而上翘。在覆盖下悄然移动,突然跳出责骂旁观者又轻捷跳开。飞行低,仅振翅作短距离飞行。冬季在缝隙内紧挤而群栖。
俗名:蒙鸠 巧妇 山蝈蝈儿 桃虫

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