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沙巴在眼前 – 神山公园 Kinabalu Park

神山公园 Kinabalu Park 是马来西亚第一个世界自然遗产 ,也是自然爱好者的圣地。我的两天一晚神山行是一个人纯自助,之前做了很多攻略,生怕去了找不到路回来 

去程是这个走法 “亚庇市独立大广场车站 (Padang Merdeka, Kota Kinabalu),每天有哥打京那巴鲁和兰瑙之间的班车会经过公园门口,早上7点至下午5点发车,1.5个小时到达公园,车费15马币左右。”

不过车不是按点发的,我在车站(其实也没有站的概念,就是个停了很多小巴的地方)干等了一个多小时坐满人才发车。车很小,幸好我找到了个好位置,能在狭窄的过道上安顿下我的各种装备。

神山公园门票很特别,15马币,可以连续用三天,第二天去售票处查验盖章就好了,超值。

两个白天时间,我几乎把神山所有开放的步道都走了。没错,就是走断腿的节奏。Garmin GPS的地图很棒,居然有比较完整的步道地图,让我在分分合合的山中步道上游走时多了很多信心,少走很多冤枉路。

雄鸟,但看不到红翅,只是两肋隐隐的有点红色,手册上婆罗洲应该就一种鵙鹛,应该不会错吧。

红翅鵙鹛
维基百科,自由的百科全书

红翅鵙鹛(学名:Pteruthius flaviscapis)为鹟科鵙鹛属的鸟类。分布于巴基斯坦、尼泊尔、不丹、孟加拉、缅甸、柬埔寨、老挝、越南、马来半岛、印度尼西亚以及中国大陆的西藏、经四川、广西、东到福建、南到云南、海南等地,一般栖息于活动于阔叶树上的树枝间、灌丛间以及栖息于灌木小枝的顶端。该物种的模式产地在喜马拉雅山脉地区。

https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E … 5%E9%B5%99%E9%B9%9B

Ochraceous bulbul
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The ochraceous bulbul (Alophoixus ochraceus) is a species of songbird in the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae. It is found from Southeast Asia to Sumatra and Borneo. It is usually found in the mid-storey of broad-leaved evergreen and rainforests up to 1500 metres elevation.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ochraceous_bulbul

白喉冠鹎 or 白喉褐冠鹎?

发冠卷尾

斑喉绿啄木鸟 Checker-throated Woodpecker 

Checker-throated woodpecker
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The checker-throated woodpecker, checker-throated yellownape, or Javan yellownape (Chrysophlegma mentale) is a species of bird in the family Picidae native to Southeast Asia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Checker-throated_woodpecker

另外还看到个小栗啄木鸟 Maroon Woodpecker,照片有遮挡,不上了

Bornean treepie
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Bornean treepie (Dendrocitta cinerascens) is a passerine bird belonging to the treepies genus, Dendrocitta, of in the crow family, Corvidae. It is endemic to the island of Borneo. It is sometimes treated as a subspecies of the Sumatran treepie (D. occipitalis).

Bornean whistling thrush
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Bornean whistling thrush (Myophonus borneensis) is a species of bird in the family Muscicapidae. It is found in Indonesia and Malaysia, where it is endemic to the island of Borneo。 Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

被环了各种圈的 婆罗洲啸鸫

Golden-naped Barbet 金枕拟啄木鸟 

话说在神山观鸟还是相当痛苦的,林子又大又密,看到鸟就不容易,看清楚很难,看清楚了还想拍下来难上加难,再想拍好了,呃,真的难度很大。。。

两天时间我也就看到小几十种鸟,还好,有好几个特有种,不然还真是有点崩溃。。。

Chestnut-hooded laughingthrush
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The chestnut-hooded laughingthrush (Garrulax treacheri) is a species of bird in the family Leiothrichidae. It is found in Borneo. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It used to be considered a subspecies of the chestnut-capped laughingthrush.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chestnut-hooded_laughingthrush

公园入口观景平台边上看到了一小群栗冠噪鹛

 

洋燕 (house swallow)

在神山的一晚上我是网上预定了 D’Villa Rina Ria Lodge。正值旺季,靠近神山的房子非常难找,D’Villa距离公园入口五百米之内吧,小小一间一晚上近三百块人民币。靠公园,周边环境不错,虽然傍晚到,次日一早离开,也看到几种鸟。

到的傍晚在阳台上看到的Ashy tailorbird 灰缝叶莺

Ashy tailorbird
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The ashy tailorbird (Orthotomus ruficeps) is a species of bird formerly placed in the “Old World warbler” assemblage, it but now placed in the family Cisticolidae. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand, Vietnam. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashy_tailorbird

行前看资料,神山上有非常多的各色猪笼草,我没能在山道的发现它们的踪迹,但在神山植物园欣赏了一下,真的很开眼界。

 

Golden-naped Barbet 金枕拟啄木鸟 

Fruithunter
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The fruithunter or fruit-hunter (Chlamydochaera jefferyi), also known as the black-breasted fruit-hunter, is an enigmatic species of bird currently placed with the typical thrushes in the family Turdidae. It is endemic to forests on the south-east Asian island of Borneo.[2]
It is highly distinct from other thrushes, instead being convergent to Corvoidea such as trillers (Lalage) or true orioles (Oriolus). Thus it is placed in a monotypic genus Chlamydochaera.[citation needed]
The fruithunter is not considered a threatened species by the IUCN.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruithunter

Indigo flycatcher
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The indigo flycatcher (Eumyias indigo) is a species of bird in the Old World flycatcher family Muscicapidae. It is found in Indonesia and Malaysia, where it is found in Sumatra, Java and northern montane areas of Borneo. Its natural habitat is tropical moist submontane montane forests between 900m to 3000m, where it is a common to fairly common species.

青仙鹟/靛蓝鹟

Yellow-breasted warbler
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The yellow-breasted warbler (Seicercus montis) is a species of Old World warbler in the Phylloscopidae (or Sylviidae) family. It is found in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Palawan Island in the Philippines. The species is most common on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo in Indonesia.
Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.
The species nests in mid-February and breeds Feb-April. It builds domed nests with a side entrance out of grasses and bryophytes. Nests are found among roots under the overhanging lip of an eroded bank or other similar place. It forages for food alone or with small parties of not more than five birds.
The yellow-breasted warbler has a large range and a steady population size. From the perspective of conservation biology, this species is classified as one of least concern, meaning it does not appear to be threatened or vulnerable to extinction at the present time.

黄胸鹟莺

Mountain blackeye
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The mountain blackeye (Chlorocharis emiliae) is a bird species in the monotypic genus Chlorocharis.[2] It is closely related to the Old World babblers, and its family Zosteropidae may warrant inclusion in the Tiimalidae.
It is endemic to the island of Borneo.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mountain_blackeye

另外还看到只white-eye,可惜没认出,也没拍得到。

Little Cuckoo Dove 小鹃鸠

棕头鹃鸠
维基百科,自由的百科全书

棕头鹃鸠(学名:Macropygia ruficeps)为鸠鸽科鹃鸠属的鸟类,俗名小鹃鸠。分布于缅甸、中南半岛、马来西亚、印度尼西亚以及中国大陆的云南等地,多生活于海拔600米以上的山林间。该物种的模式产地在印度尼西亚爪哇。

https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E … 4%E9%B9%83%E9%B8%A0

这个不太确认,不知道和上面一样,还是印尼鹃鸠 (Ruddy Cuckoo-Dove)。

看嘴型要细长一些,但眼睛还是和小鹃鸠一样的灰白。

还有两个没认出来的,可能是同一种,不是在一个地方看到的

这个就比较特别了。第二天下山途中,我看到几个观鸟人在路边观察,以为是遇上了什么鸟。带队的当地鸟导主动告诉我有条难得一见的viper。

于是,几个人一起围观了下近些年才刚刚发现的神山特有种kinabalu green pit viper。如果我一个人必然会错过它,虽然它就盘踞在离公路不到两米的灌木上

Red List Category & Criteria:        Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published:        2013
Date Assessed:        2011-09-03
Assessor(s):        Das, I., Vogel, G., Inger, R.F., Auliya, M., Iskandar, D., Lilley, R. & Dehling, M.
Reviewer(s):        Bowles, P. & Bauder, J.
Contributor(s):        De Silva, R., Milligan, H.T., Wearn, O.R., Wren, S., Zamin, T., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Lewis, S., Lintott, P. & Powney, G.
Justification:      Pareas malcolmi is known only from Kinabalu National Park, which has an area of 754 km², and it may be endemic to this locality. It is listed as Near Threatened on the basis that this accessible tourist destination represents a single location defined by a potential threat from the international pet trade. If this threat were to become operational it may result in declines in the number of mature individuals of this species, which would then qualify for listing as Endangered applying Criterion B1ab(v).

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/191978/0

柳莺类向来看得云里雾里,根据分布和眉纹,猜个山柳莺吧。。。

Mountain leaf warbler
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The mountain leaf warbler (Phylloscopus trivirgatus) is a songbird species from the leaf warbler family (Phylloscopidae). Formerly it was included in the “Old World warbler” assemblage.
It is found in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mountain_leaf_warbler

 

Stachyris nigriceps 黑头穗鹛 Grey-throated Babbler

眼睁睁看着一群五六只在三四十米开外陆陆续续穿过马路进了林子,赶紧跟过去看它们慢慢隐入幽暗的树林深处,ISO飙到4K也就勉强拍个记录照。

第一天走步道时候,还惊飞了一只“红头鸡”,疑似crimson-headed partridge

Red-breasted partridge
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The red-breasted partridge (Arborophila hyperythra), also known as the Bornean hill-partridge, is a species of bird in the Phasianidae family. It is endemic to hill and montane forest in Borneo.

中文是红胸鹧鸪?      

Kinabalu Park
http://www.sabahtourism.com/destination/kinabalu-park

Kinabalu Park is Malaysia’s first World Heritage Site. Also the Centre of Plant Diversity for South East Asia, the Park boasts more than 5,000 vascular plant species and the Park has no shortage of fauna as well, being home to some 90 lowland mammal species and many others. A list of plants found here are the infamous Nepenthes rajah; the world’s largest pitcher plant, Nepenthes x sukaibiensis; a natural cross-hybrid between Nepenthes lowii and Nepenthes burbidgae and the enigmatic Paphiopedilum rothschildianum (Rothschild slipper orchid) one of the rarest orchids in the world.

The main attraction at the Park is none other than the majestic Mount Kinabalu, one of the highest mountains in South East Asia standing at 4095.2 metres. Apart from traditional mountain climbing, visitors can also experience the Mountain Torq, the world’s highest and Asia’s first Via Ferrata or ‘iron road’ at 3,200m to 3,800m above sea level. To those who are more adventurous, there are other mountain activities such as Alpine Rock Climbing, Paragliding and also mountain expedition.

Now there are now 2 picturesque trails to the summit, Ranau Trail and Kota Belud trail. The trails will take climbers from Panar Laban (previously known as Laban Rata) at 3,272m to Sayat Sayat (3,668m). And then continue on to the summit trail to Low’s Peak at 4,095.2m. (Note: Both Kota Belud trail and Ranau are new routes to Sayat Sayat, the route from Sayat Sayat to summit is the same route used previously). The new trails may be more challenging than the previous trail, but climbers will be rewarded with breathtaking views along the way.

Surrounding the Kinabalu Park is a multitude of natural attractions and enjoyable activities such as mountain biking, golf, birding, farm tours, canopy walk and of course photography!

A variety of accommodation is available within the Park and in its surrounding areas, ranging from basic hostels to luxury chalets.

Essentials

A good vacation is never without some must-have essentials. As Kinabalu Park is located in a hilly area, it is best to pack up warm clothing and gloves to ward off the cold. Also, don’t forget to bring a highly water resistant knapsack and a raincoat in case it rains.

The rough terrains of Mount Kinabalu require its ambitious to-be conquerors to have comfortable walking/ tracking shoes with them. Last but not least, be well prepared with energy snacks e.g. chocolate, nuts, glucose sweets and a water bottle for fuel and hydration. As a safety recommendation, bring along a torch light in case one gets lost at night.

Important notice : Mt. Kinabalu is a popular destination, visitors who wish to climb Mount Kinabalu are advised to make reservations 6 months in advance to avoid dissappointment. The number of climbers is limited to 135pax daily.

 

Majestic Mount Kinabalu | Sabah, East Malaysia

http://www.mountkinabalu.com/

Mount Kinabalu’s specialty lies in its location at a renowned World Heritage Site—Kinabalu Park. Nature lovers will be delighted to be able to witness the many variations of flora and fauna that are to be found on the mountain at different altitudes.

Mount Kinabalu, along with other upland areas of the Crocker Range is well-known worldwide for its tremendous botanical and biological species biodiversity with plants of Himalayan, Australasian, and Indo-Malayan origin.

A recent botanical survey of the mountain estimated a staggering 5,000 to 6,000 plant species (excluding mosses and liverworts but including ferns), which is more than all of Europe and North America (excluding tropical regions of Mexico) combined. It is therefore one of the world’s most important biological sites.

Standing majestically at 4,095m (13,435 feet above sea level), Mount Kinabalu is the highest mountain between the Himalayas and New Guinea. Mount Kinabalu derives its name from the Kadazan word, ‘Aki Nabalu’, meaning ‘the revered place of the dead’. It is one of the safest and most conquerable peaks in the world—provided that you’re reasonably healthy and physically fit.

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