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无畏号海、空暨太空博物馆

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Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum
http://intrepidmuseum.org/

The Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum is a non-profit, educational institution featuring the legendary aircraft carrier Intrepid, the space shuttle Enterprise, the world’s fastest jets and a guided missile submarine. Through exhibitions, educational programming and the foremost collection of technologically groundbreaking aircraft and vessels, visitors of all ages and abilities are taken on an interactive journey through history to learn about American innovation and bravery.

The Intrepid Museum was founded in 1982 with the acquisition of the aircraft carrier USS Intrepid, now a National Historic Landmark, which served tours of duty in World War II and the Vietnam War, and was a recovery vessel for the Gemini and Mercury space missions.

Welcoming over one million visitors a year, the Museum includes the Space Shuttle Pavilion, home to Enterprise, the world’s first space shuttle that paved the way for America’s successful Space Shuttle Program. Also on display are 28 authentically restored aircraft, including the Lockheed A-12 Blackbird, the world’s fastest military jet and spy plane, and the British Airways Concorde, the fastest commercial aircraft to ever cross the Atlantic Ocean. Rounding out the Museum are the submarine Growler, the only American diesel-powered strategic missile submarine open to the public, an 18,000 sq. ft. education center, Pier 86, a publicly accessible pier that is part of the Hudson River Park Trust, and the Exploreum, an interactive hall focused on themes of water, space, air and life at sea.

The mission of the Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum is to promote the awareness and understanding of history, science and service through its collections, exhibitions and programming in order to honor our heroes, educate the public and inspire our youth.

无畏号航空母舰
维基百科 https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%84%A1%E7%95%8F%E8%99%9F%E8%88%AA%E7%A9%BA%E6%AF%8D%E8%89%A6

无畏号航空母舰(USS Intrepid CV-11)是一艘隶属于美国海军的航空母舰,为埃塞克斯级航空母舰的三号舰。它是美军第四艘以无畏为名的军舰,舰名源自美国海军于1803年俘获的一艘火船。

无畏号于1941年开始建造。建造仅开始数日,日本偷袭珍珠港。美国正式参与第二次世界大战,并加快建造无畏号等航空母舰。1943年无畏号下水服役,开始参与太平洋战争。战后无畏号退役封存,在朝鲜战争后开始进行SCB-27C改建,又在期间重编为攻击航母(CVA-11),于1954年在大西洋舰队重新服役。稍后无畏号又进行SCB-125现代化改建,增设斜角飞行。

1962年无畏号重编为反潜航母,舷号改为CVS-11,继续留在大西洋及地中海执勤。稍后无畏号参与美国的太空计划,分别担任水星-宇宙神7号及双子座3号的救援船。1966年至1969年,无畏号曾三次前往西太平洋,参与越战。虽然无畏号其时已改编为反潜航母,但美军临时将之改编为辅助攻击航母,故无畏号亦有派飞机到陆上参与攻击。

无畏号在1974年退役,并一度预备出售拆解;但在民间组织努力下,海军在1981年将无畏号捐赠到纽约作博物馆舰。1982年无畏号除籍;而同年无畏号海空暨太空博物馆(Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum)于哈德逊河河畔正式开放,自此成为曼哈顿的重要地标及旅游点。1986年,无畏号获评为美国国家历史地标。

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