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黑颈鹤

黑颈鹤

玉树隆宝滩自然保护区

黑颈鹤是大型涉禽,身长115-120厘米,体重5.35千克。全身灰白色,颈、腿比较长,头顶皮肤血红色,并布有稀疏发状羽。除眼后和眼下方具一小白色或灰白色斑外,头的其余部分和颈的上部约2/3为黑色,故称黑颈鹤。是世界上唯一的一种生长、繁殖在高原的鹤类,为中国所特有的珍贵鸟类。

http://baike.baidu.com/view/17996.htm

The Black-necked Crane or Tibetan Crane (Grus nigricollis) is a medium-sized crane native to Asia. It is 139 cm (55 in) long with a 235 cm (7.8 ft) wingspan, and it weighs 5.5 kg (12 lbs). It is whitish-gray, with a black head, red crown patch, black upper neck and legs, and white patch to the rear of the eye. It has black primaries and secondaries. Both sexes are similar.
The Black-necked Crane is distributed in Pakistan, China, Himalayan regions of the Republic of India, Bhutan and Vietnam. It breeds on the Tibetan Plateau, with a small population in adjacent Ladakh, and Kashmir valleys. It has therefore been designated as the “State bird of Jammu and Kashmir”. It has six wintering areas, mostly at lower altitudes in China, notably at Caohai Lake, but it also winters in Bhutan. In Jammu and Kashmir, the crane breeds near the high altitude lakes of Ladakh such as Tso Kar Lake. The Black-necked Crane is one of the spiritual creatures for the people of the area and is pictured alongside many of their deities in the monasteries of the region.

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